Agrimonia eupatoria, “Common agrimony” in English and “Aigremoine eupatoire” in French, belongs to the Rosaceae botanical family. It is a herb that grows to 0.6 m. It is indigenous to middle and northern Europe, temperate Asia and North America. It grows in fields and meadows, waste grounds and roadsides.
It was used in traditional medicine to treat catarrh, bleeding, tuberculosis and skin diseases. It has been reported to be useful in gallbladder disorders, as an antitumor agent, astringent, cardiotonic, coagulant, diuretic, sedative, antiasthmatic and anti-inflammatory.
Its main constituents are carbohydrates, tannins, terpenoids, flavonoids, agrimony lactone, glycosides and oils; condensed tannins, polysaccharides, triterpenoids, silicic acid, salicylic acid, nicotinamide complex, thiamine and vitamin K.