Salvia lavandulifolia, « Spanish sage » in English and « Sauge d’Espagne » or « Sauge à feuilles de lavande » in French, belongs to the Lamiaceae botanical family.
Native to the Iberian peninsula, it is a shrub or woody herb growing to 0.3 m or more in rocky soil, on dry and bushy hills and slopes.
The leaves have been used in traditional medicine as spasmolytic, antiseptic (bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal), analgesic, sedative, anti-inflammatory and for locally anesthetic remedies. The drug is used internally in the treatment of digestive and respiratory complaints, menstrual problems, infertility. It also has psychoactive and psychotropic properties, being used to treat nervous tension, depression, dementia and to enhance memory.
The main constituents of flowers and leaves are flavonoids, triterpenoids and monoterpenes (present in volatile compounds), rosmarinic acid, polyphenols.