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Maqui berry anthocyanins

Maqui

Maqui Berry, also known as Chilean Wineberry, is the deep purple fruit of Artochelia chilensis , belonging to the Elaeocarpaceae family. This is a small evergreen tree of the temperate rainforest of Chile. The berry is traditionally consumed as a fermented beverage and nowadays its extract is recognized as a « super fruit » for its outstanding antioxydant properties. Compared to commonly used purple berries like black currant, bilberry and others, it is reported to contain more than 3-4 time higher concentration of polyphenols, specially anthocyanins.

The polyphenolic fraction of its extract has an intense purple color and is therefore used as natural pigment in the beverage industry and as a cosmetic ingredient (in lipstick for example).

As polyphenols, the berry is predominantly rich in Delphinidin glucosides and contains significant amount of Cynanidins. Among them 3 substances, with specific glucosylation schemes, can be recognized as characteristic to the species and can be used as markers to authenticate and titrate fruits, juices, extracts or other derived products :

cyanidin-3-sambubioside-5-glucoside delphinidin-3-sambubioside-5-glucoside delphin

 

Cyanidin 3-sambubioside 5-glucoside

 

Delphinidin 3-sambubioside 5-glucoside

 

Delphinidin 3,5-diglucoside

CAS 53925-33-0  /  Code 0916 CAS 36415-91-5  /  Code 0917 CAS 17670-06-3  /  Code 0941S

 

All these standards are now available from EXTRASYNTHESE, together with other anthocyanins present in Maqui berry, like Cyanin chloride (Cyanidin 3,5-diglucoside) , Kuromanin chloride (Cyanidin 3-glucoside) and Myrtillin chloride (Delphinidin 3-glucoside).